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Allergic

Allergic rhinitis

Allergic rhinitis
also known as hay fever or pollen, is a condition that occurs when the immune system overreacts to an allergy in the air. Signs and symptoms include runny or stuffy nose, sneezing, redness, itching, watery eyes, and swelling around the eyes. The nasal fluid is usually clean. Symptoms often appear within minutes after exposure to allergies and can affect sleep, the ability to work, and the inability to focus in school. Those whose symptoms appear due to pollen usually develop during certain times of the year, many people who suffer from allergic rhinitis also suffer from asthma, allergic conjunctivitis, or atopic dermatitis. The causes of allergic rhinitis are many: pollen, pet hair, dust, and mildew. Inherited genes and exposure to environmental factors contribute to developing allergies. Signs of an allergy include runny nose, itching, sneezing attacks, stuffy nose, and stuffy nose. Allergic rhinitis may cause recurrent sinusitis due to obstruction of sinus openings. The causes of allergic rhinitis are mainly the genetic factor, since if a relative, such as a father, mother, or brother, is afflicted, the incidence of allergies is high. Allergic rhinitis caused by pollen from specific seasonal plants known as “hay fever”, because it is most common during processing hay for the season. However, allergic rhinitis can be all year round. Pollen that causes hay fever varies between individuals and one region to another. In general, the very small pollen that is barely seen is the main cause. Examples of plants usually responsible for hay fever include trees: such as pine, birch, water stream, hazelnut, homeless, lime, olive. The birch in northern latitudes is the most allergen pollen, with an estimated 15-20% of people with hay fever allergic to birch pollen. A major antigen in this is a protein called Bet V I, the olive vaccine that is most pathogenic in the Mediterranean regions. For treatment, anti-allergic medications are given, and it is sometimes preferred to give cortisone under special supervision by a doctor.

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