Cardiac catheterization is a medical procedure that takes place under local anesthesia,
during which the doctor visualizes the coronary arteries of the heart by injecting colored
materials into the arteries, and this examination helps to discover hardening of the arteries
(coronary arteries or narrowing), that is, the diagnosis of atherosclerosis,
and the identification of treatment methods, where entry to the arteries Coronary by usually the right thigh artery,
and sometimes from other locations such as the left thigh or arm.
Diagnostic catheters, take a short period ranging from 10 minutes to 1/2 hours
depending on the arteries to be photographed and other technical factors,
and the patient stays in bed 6 hours after that to ensure healing of the right thigh wound,
and no bleeding, and in the case of catheterization through the arteries of the hand The patient
leaves much before he leaves the hospital.
As for the therapeutic catheter, its duration also ranges between 10 minutes
if the technical factors are easy and easy to multiple hours,
if there are difficulties opening the artery or the need to open multiple arteries
or the occurrence of immediate complications during the procedure,
and this depends largely on factors related to the patient himself,
such as age The extent of arteriosclerosis, and also related to the experience of the medical team
performing the procedure and their willingness to face possible complications.
Usually, the patient stays after the treatment catheter for one day for observation,
and there are certain cases that leave on the same day.
Most cases of atherosclerosis can be treated without resorting to
open-heart surgery that requires opening the anterior chest wall and putting surgical links
to deliver blood to areas that suffer from atherosclerosis.
This procedure is done if there are many and many complications that cannot be technically treated
by Cultivation of a small number of metal meshes,
or if there are total blockages in the arteries that prevent the wire / balloon / mesh from entering the artery.
The decision is ultimately due to a qualified cardiologist with this decision in coordination
with the Consultant of Cardiovascular Surgery.
It is not possible to generalize that every blockage of multiple arteries must be treated surgically,
but each case must be studied separately according to the agreed technical and scientific standards.