Epilepsy is a disorder of the central nervous system (neurotransmitter), where brain activity becomes abnormal, causing seizures or periods of behaviors, unusual sensations, and sometimes loss of consciousness.
Anyone can get epilepsy. This sickness affects both males and females of all races, backgrounds and ages.
Symptoms of epilepsy can vary greatly. You can’t be diagnosed with epilepsy for a single seizure. Diagnosis of epilepsy generally requires at least two unjustified seizures.
Medication therapy, and sometimes surgery, can control seizures in the majority of people affected. Some people need lifelong treatment to control the spasms, while eventually disappearing with others. Some children with baldness may also be cured as they age.
Because epilepsy is caused by abnormal brain activity, seizures can affect any brain-coordinated process. Signs and symptoms of a seizure may include:
• Temporary confusion
• Stare bout
• Uncontrollable movements of the arms and legs
• Loss of consciousness or perception
• Psychological symptoms, such as fear, anxiety or pre-vision (dija fu)
Epilepsy can be treated as recent studies in low- and middle-income countries have shown that 70% of children and adults with epilepsy can be successfully treated (i.e. full control of their seizures) using anti-epileptic drugs. In addition, medications can be withdrawn after two to five years of successful treatment and seizure interruption, in the case of 70% of children and 60% of adults without subsequent relapse.
• In low- and middle-income countries, three quarters of people with epilepsy may not receive the necessary treatment.
• In many low- and middle-income countries, anti-epileptic drugs are not sufficiently available. A recent study found that the average availability of generic anti-epileptic drugs in the public sector for low- and middle-income countries is less than 50% and may be an obstacle to access to treatment.
• Most people with epilepsy can be diagnosed and treated at the primary health care level without the use of complex equipment.
However, the lack of trained health-care providers may be an obstacle to treatment for people with epilepsy.
Surgical treatment may be helpful in patients who do not respond well to medication.
Idiopathic epilepsy is unavoidable, but measures can be taken to prevent known causes of secondary epilepsy.
The prevention of head injuries is the most successful way to prevent post-traumatic.
Adequate perinatal care can reduce new epilepsy caused by birth injuries.
The use of medications and other methods to lower the body temperature of children with fever can reduce the likelihood of febrile seizures.
Central nervous system infections are common causes of epilepsy in the tropics, where many low- and middle-income countries are concentrated.
Getting rid of parasites in these environments and raising awareness about how to avoid infection may be an effective way to reduce it in the world, for example, in cases caused by neurocysticercosis.