Gingivitis, sometimes called gum disease (periodontal disease)

describes cases of bacterial build-up in the oral cavity,

which may eventually lead if not treated properly to loss.

Teeth, as a result of damage to the layer covering the teeth.

Symptoms of periodontitis


Gingivitis is in its early stages, without any specific signs or symptoms,

such as pain, appearing. Even in later, more advanced stages of this inflammation,

symptoms may be very few and very mild.

Although the symptoms and signs that accompany gum disease are usually minimal and minor,

gingivitis is accompanied, in most cases, by signs and symptoms that are characteristic of it, in particular.

Symptoms of gingivitis include:

  • Bleeding gums when brushing teeth
  • Gum redness, swelling (swelling) and increased sensitivity
  • A bad smell, or bad taste, from your mouth permanently
  • Retraction of the gums
  • Deep gaps / sinuses appear between Gingiva and Tooth surface
  • Losing teeth or moving teeth

Changes in the location of the teeth and the shape of their confluence and adhesion to one another when the jaws are tightly closed,

or changes in the location of the dental prostheses (or dental prosthesis) or in the place of crown crowns.

Even if none of these signs are noticed, it is possible to have gingivitis, to a certain degree. And it may affect gingivitis, in some, only part of the teeth,

as if it affects molars only.

A dentist, or periodontologist, can diagnose and determine the severity of periodontitis.

Causes and risk factors for gingivitis

The causes of gingivitis is the formation of a layer of germs (plaques) on the surfaces of the teeth.

In addition, there are reasons that can cause gingivitis, such as:

Hormonal changes: such as hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy,

in adulthood, in menopause (“menopause”) or during the menstrual cycle.

These hormonal changes increase the sensitivity of the teeth and increase the possibility of infections in the gums.

Other diseases: Other diseases in the body may affect the position and integrity of the gums.

Among these diseases: Cancer or acquired immune deficiency syndrome,

which affects the immune system in the body. Diabetes, which affects the body’s ability to absorb the sugars in different foods,

makes people with it more vulnerable than others to the risk of developing dental infections, including gingivitis.

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