gingivitis  The main cause of gingivitis is the aggregation or formation of the plaque layer, plaque is a thin layer of bacteria that collects on the surfaces of the teeth, plaque builds below the level of the gums to inflammation, and neglect of plaque removal leads to its hardening, thus forming what is known as tooth lime. When inflammation is neglected and left untreated, it leads to the separation of the gums from the tooth, and may develop to the stage of damage to soft tissues and bone supporting teeth, which leads to instability of the tooth, which in turn may lead to loss of age, and there are many factors that contribute to the occurrence of Inflammation in the second,including:

Smoking and chewing tobacco, both of which reduce the ability of the gums to heal.

Hard-to-clean places that are suitable for plaque and lime collection, and produce irregular dental arrangements, i.e. oblique and crooked teeth

Bad eating habits such as eating foods rich in sugars and carbohydrates, and low in water content, which can increase the chance of forming the plaque layer, it should be noted that lack of eating foods rich in vitamin C may delay or prevent gum healing

Some types of medications and diseases, including epilepsy medications such as phenytoin, as well as some angina and high blood pressure medications, such calcium channel blockers,as well as some drugs used in the treatment of cancer, as well as diseases that lead to the occurrence of gingivitis, including diseases that reduce the body’s immunity such as AIDS and leukemia, And some viral and fungal sepsis, cancers.

Diabetes, due to the weakening of diabetes in the circulation, which reduces the ability of the gums to heal.

Hormone changes, as hormone changes increase gum sensitivity and make them more susceptible to inflammation, such as during pregnancy, menstrual cycle, puberty, and age of hope, and gum disease is 70-90% in adulthood.

Stress and anxiety, because of their ability to weaken the body’s immunity.

Dry mouth, oral breathing.




Prevention of gingivitis:

To prevent gingivitis, it is necessary to follow the following:

Brushing teeth twice a day, and for a better result, it is recommended to brush the teeth after each meal, as brushing teeth helps remove leftovers and plaque, and it is also advisable to clean the tongue because it is a suitable place for bacteria to grow, it is worth mentioning that the use of Electric toothbrushes are more effective in removing plaque and lime, and it should be noted that the toothbrush needs to be changed every 3-4 months.

Cleaning between teeth using medical dental floss, as the toothbrush cannot clean the spaces between the teeth, and it is recommended to use dental floss at least once a day.

Use oral wash, as it has the ability to remove leftovers that still exist even after using a toothbrush and medical dental floss

Refrain from chewing tobacco and smoking.

Regular dental cleaning at the dentist’s office.




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