glaucoma

glaucoma

glaucoma Blue water in the eye

 

The disease may appear at any age, but it occurs more commonly in older adults.

Causes:

It occurs as a result of damage to the optic nerve, and with the relapse of the optic nerve, blind spots begin to appear in the field of vision for unknown reasons, this damage to the nerve is associated with high eye pressure.
The eye constantly secretes a liquid called (water fluid inside the eye ball) to maintain its spherical shape, and this liquid is discharged through fine channels located in the corner of the eye, which provides the survival rate of eye pressure within the normal range.
The imbalance between the amount of secretion and discharge leads to the accumulation of water fluid inside the eye, thus high-pressure rate inside the eyeball, pressure on the optic nerve and retina, and then gradual damage to the eye nerve.

 

Symptoms and types:

1- Open-angle glaucoma: it is the most common form of the disease and causes progressive weakness in vision without pain.

2- Sharp closed corner glaucoma includes:

  • Eye pain.
  • Feeling sick.
  • Severe visual impairment, especially in poor lighting.
  • Seeing halos around the light.
  • Severe headache.
  • Eye redness.

Congenital gloom: it occurs in newborns, or several months after birth, and the following symptoms include:

  •  The size of the eye is abnormally large.
  • The size of the blackness of the eye.
  • It may be accompanied by the loss of eye transparency and its whiteness.

Risk factors: Because chronic blue water types can destroy sight before any signs or symptoms appear, you should pay attention to risk factors:

  • People with hypertension of the inner eye.
  • There is a family history of blue water disease.
  • Conditions such as diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, thyroid.
  • Eye injuries: such as tumors, retinal detachment, myopia, eye wound or some types of eye operations.
  • Use of cortisone: especially eye drops for a very longtime.

Complications:
If the glaucoma is left untreated, it causes vision loss, usually gradually during the following stages:

  • Blind spots in peripheral vision.
  • Completely lost peripheral vision.
  • Total blindness.

 

Diagnosis:

  1. The diagnosis is based on the medical history and symptoms of the disease.
  2. The clinical examination includes:
  • Measuring eye pressure.
  • Examination of the optic nerve by identifying minor changes in the nerve at the beginning of the disease.
  • Field of view check.

 

  1. Visual accuracy check.
  2. Examination of corneal thickness.

Treatment:
Early diagnosis and treatment of glaucoma are key factors for the prevention of blindness, and the treatment focuses on reducing eye pressure to acceptable levels, thereby preventing damage to the optic nerve and its tissues, and the treatment includes:

  • Treatment with medications, whether drops or pills, which increase the discharge of water fluid, or reduce its production, and in most cases the drops are sufficient and useful if the patient adheres fully to the instructions of the doctor, such as prostaglandin.
  • Laser therapy

 

 

Regular eye examinations help prevent the disease.  You can visit your eye doctor at Ram clinics to make sure your eyes are right.

 

 

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