Gout symptoms appear severe and sudden, without prior warnings, at close hours at night. It includes:
- Acute joint pain: gout generally and mainly affects the large joint in the thumb of the foot, but it may also affect other joints in the foot, ankles, knees, hands and pelvis.
If gout is not treated, the pain may last between five to ten days and then disappear. The symptoms of it subside and the feeling of discomfort gradually subsides, during a period ranging from one to two weeks, until the joint returns, at the end of this process to its normal form, the pain stops and the symptoms of it completely disappear.
- Inflammation and redness: the affected joint (or the affected joints) swells, turns red and becomes hypersensitive.
Several factors may cause a high level of uric acid in the body, among them:
- Lifestyle factors: Excessive intake of alcoholic beverages
- Medical problems: hypertension, diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, and arterial narrowing (calcification / atherosclerosis).
- Certain medications: Taking some thiazide medications – which are common to treat high blood pressure – and aspirin in small doses, may lead to elevated uric acid. The same applies to taking “anti-rejection drugs”, which are taken by people who have undergone organ transplants
- Family history: a family history of gout
- Age and gender: it is more prevalent among men than among women. In general, men are more likely to develop it at a much earlier age than women – between the ages of 40-50 years, in general, while symptoms and signs of gout in women often appear at “menopause.”
Treatment of gout is generally based on taking medications. Together with the patient, the doctor decides on these medications, according to the patient’s health condition and preferences.
Medicines to treat gout include:
- Non-steroidal Anti – Inflammatory Drug – NSAIDs / NAIDs
If you suspect you’re suffering from any of Gout’s symptoms, you need to visit your nearest Ram Clinics Dr.