The kidneys are one of the most important organs of the body, as they syndicate blood from waste by releasing them through urine, as well as their significant role in maintaining the balance of fluids and mineral elements in the body. The kidneys are located at the back of the abdomen, each about 10 cm long.
Gravel is one of the most common kidney diseases, with studies showing that one in ten people has kidney stones during their lifetime, and men suffer more kidney stones than women.
Symptoms associated with kidney stones Kidney stones vary in size, between small and large sizes. Large sizes of stones block the ureter, leading to several symptoms. They are:
• The appearance of blood in the urine.
Fatigue and nausea.
• A constant feeling of the need to urinate.
When stones move in the urinary tract, this causes episodes of severe pain occurring in the lower and sides of the back, and pain in the testicle is common in men.
The treatment of kidney stones is primarily a symptomatic treatment; that is, we treat the symptoms that the patient suffers from. The kidney stones are mainly managed through three methods, which are waiting for them to pass alone, medicine, and surgery.
• Waiting until the body releases it: the possibility of excretion depends on several factors, the most important of which is the size of the stone. In order to cross the urinary system, it must be small enough, and fluid consumption helps in this. Drinking large quantities of water is extremely important to facilitate the release of stones. It usually takes 4 to 6 weeks for the body to clear the stones, and pain episodes may need medical attention.
• Medication: anti-fatigue and anti-pain medications. The most important medication is tamsulosin, which mainly works to relax the ureter and thus facilitate the crossing of the stone.
• Surgery: In certain cases of severe pain or disruption of the kidneys from its work, surgery must be relied upon to remove stones, which are done for medium-size stones through shock waves that break up the stones and facilitate their release. As for larger stones, this is done by performing surgical incisions below. Back, or by inserting thin tubes into the urinary tract to break up stones. Regular kidney tests and healthy eating help protect against kidney stones.