Millions of Muslims from all over the world flock to Mecca during the Hajj season, which makes caring for the health aspects of pilgrims a top priority for the concerned authorities in order to enable pilgrims to perform their rituals with comfort and reassurance.
Before the Hajj
Some precautions must be taken during preparation for pilgrimage and travel to protect against epidemics, including obtaining Hajj vaccines and visiting a doctor to obtain advice and guidance regarding chronic diseases.
Care must be taken with the necessary medications such as headache pills, abdominal pain and skin creams.
It is also advisable to wear a bracelet around the wrist or carry an identification card to signify diseases such as diabetes, heart and pressure.
When traveling with children, be sure to put a bracelet around the child’s wrist bearing the full name, phone number and place of residence. It is also preferable to give children vaccination of the bacterium Haemophilus influenza 10 days before traveling.
The Department of Health provides three types of vaccines to the Sacred House of Allah Pilgrims:
Meningococcal vaccine: This vaccine is mandatory for all pilgrims, according to a decision from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, to protect them from fever.
Seasonal influenza vaccine: This vaccine is highly recommended for pilgrims to prevent cold symptoms.
Pneumococcal vaccine: This vaccine is given to prevent pneumonia in elderly pilgrims aged 65 years and over and in adults with chronic diseases such as diabetes and heart disease except for high blood pressure and lung diseases including asthma, liver disease and kidney disease, in addition to patients with conditions special medical.
It is recommended that vaccines be taken at least two weeks before travel in order to ensure the effectiveness of the vaccine, and the doctor must be visited and consulted sufficiently before traveling between four and six weeks.
You should avoid sitting continuously for more than two hours without movement.
When traveling by road, it is possible to get off the vehicle, walk for a short time, and massage the head and neck to avoid muscle spasms when stopping to rest.
It is advisable to carry a first aid kit when traveling by road.
If possible, use sunglasses to protect the eyes from sun and dust.
When performing the rituals of Hajj
It is advisable to perform the rituals of Hajj in a moderate manner and without making a great effort to reach the Black Stone. Attention must be paid during the circumambulation of the Holy Kaaba and during the walk between Safa and Marwah or while throwing stones to avoid accidents of crowding.
Hot and dry air inside a crowded room leads to the spread of respiratory diseases and for this it is advised to stay as far as possible from sick people and wear a protective mask, as it is advised not to take antibiotics without consulting a doctor.
A person suffers from heat exhaustion when he exerts strenuous muscular activity in the hot atmosphere and shows signs of stress such as headaches, fatigue, leg muscle spasms and a feeling of thirst, and it is useful in such circumstances to use light-colored umbrellas while going to the mosque to perform back prayer or afternoon prayer and drink plenty of fluids frequently. .