Sore throat is one of the most common conditions in doctors’ clinics around the world, especially with the onset of winter.
Symptoms of sore throat Symptoms vary from person to person depending on the person’s age and immunity, as follows:
- Pain in the throat and pharynx area
- Pain in the head area with headache
- Light spots in the throat and tonsils
- Swelling and pain in the jaw and lymph nodes
- Abdominal pain in children
- Vomiting in young children
- Soreness in the joints with general fatigue in the body
Throat infections vary depending on the cause, and may be:
Viruses: Doctors believe that viruses are the primary factor responsible for the majority of sore throats.
As is known, there is no drug to treat viral sore throats, although statistics show that 60% of patients may receive antibiotic treatment, although a large part of them will not be effective and will not affect the progress of the disease. Bacteria: The most common type of bacteria that may lead to sore throat are streptococcus and blood-condition endobacterium (Arcanobacterium haemolyticum) (especially in adolescent circles, sometimes associated with a mild red rash).
Tonsillitis: The tonsillitis are present at the back of the baits, and when this area is infected with a virus or germ, it becomes agitated, and the tonsils swell larger than their normal size, accompanied by shaving inflammation, heat and difficulties in swallowing.
Various treatments: A sore throat may appear in certain cases, due to antibiotic therapy, chemotherapy or any drug that affects the immune system. Sore throat, which lasts for more than two weeks on a rotating basis, may indicate a chronic disease.
Treatment of sore throat comes with the aim of relieving the symptoms of the disease from pain, difficulty swallowing, headache, high temperature and others.
For this, the preferred treatment for sore throat is: Gargling with hot and salty water: helps sterilize the affected area.
Use sucking tablets to relieve pain: The process of sucking tablets increases the concentration of saliva in the mouth, and helps moisturize the painful area, in addition, part of the sucking tablets in pharmacies have a low concentration of pain killers.
Steam device: The use of this device may relieve symptoms, especially in cases of sore throat cause of dry air and oral breathing.
Spray: These sprays moisturize the mouth and contain pain killers.
Take medications: To relieve pain orally.
In some difficult cases where the patient has not responded to any of the previously explained treatment possibilities and still has problems and difficulty swallowing, doctors prescribe the possibility of glucocorticosteroid treatment, which can help the patient overcome the difficulty of the symptoms of the disease.
Although the picture of viral inflammation is characteristic, it cannot always be conclusively differentiated from bacterial infection only by clinical symptoms, at which point additional tests should be carried out to determine the final diagnosis.