is a disease whose only symptom is light-colored spots on the skin. The prevalence of the disease is 1% among the total population around the world,
with no relationship to race or gender. The disease begins in more than 50% of people infected before the age of 20.
The disease was known since the year 1000 BC, from the Indian and Buddhist civilizations,
as there was a reservation in all civilizations who were carriers of the disease,
and were often exiled outside the population.
The cause of the injuries is the melanocytes that cause melanin – the color material in the skin. There is a lack of melanin due to a lack of melanocytes.
The accepted theory for the interpretation of vitiligo is that the cause of the disease is related to an autoimmune process,
due to the disease being associated with many other diseases with an autoimmune background.
Vitiligo2 is more pronounced in dark skin due to the contrast of colors.
Vitiligo generally begins, in an exposed area of the body, after sun exposure to sunburn or an injury.
Injuries vary in size, ranging from a few millimeters to wide areas, and the boundaries are sharp with discolored edges.
Vitiligo is not associated with any other disorder, but it is most common due to an emotional disorder.
There is no evidence that Vitiligo is due to a psychological factor,
nor is there any basis for assuming that Vitiligo is associated with an underlying malignant (cancerous) process.
Symptoms of Vitiligo
Symptoms of vitiligo are as follows: light-colored spots that tend to be white – like milk, symptoms of vitiligo may appear anywhere in the body,
but they often appear at the beginning of the disease in the eye socket,
in the knees, or they may appear in other areas of friction, and their spread is usually the same.
Vitiligo2 appears more clearly in the face and on the back of the hand, as you get older.
The injury is fixed for a certain period, progressing slowly over time,
but sometimes it remains a local or sub-injury (Focal vitiligo), or is present in several regions – Generalized or Universal Vitiligo.
Occasionally, a light-colored aura appears around the Halo nevus mole in the body,
and the symptoms of vitiligo characteristic appear when these auras increase.
The preferred treatment for vitiligo, among many existing therapies, is radiation by Narrow band UVB with wave elevation upon reaching results after six – ten months. This method has been successful in more than 50% in the treatment of vitiligo, with approximately 75% of the affected areas returning to their original color. The origin of the treatment of vitiligo with local or oral psoralen and UVA rays is to witness the success of the treatment with the demonic plant (Amni majus) in the thirteenth century. Vitiligo treatment that combines steroids with UVA radiation has recently been developed.
The basic condition for satisfying the patient and treating vitiligo with him, is to advise him about the nature of the disease, clarify the course of the disease and calm it around the cosmetic condition, while showing the different treatment options for vitiligo.