Dry cough is that which is not associated with the presence of phlegm in the throat, and sometimes a dry cough is associated with a feeling of swelling and congestion or a tickle in the throat, one begins to try to cough to get rid of it, but to no avail.
A person may develop a drycough without any other accompanying symptoms, or become infected while exposed to the flu or a common cold, and the cough may continue even after recovery from these diseases, and the most important causes are:
- The presence of inflammation in the throat.
- Inhaling a coughing substance, such as dust or smoke.
- Allergic rhinitis or chest.
- There are other, less common causes, including:
- Chronic obstructive disease of the airways.
- Esophageal reflux.
- Heart disease (in rare cases).
- Whooping cough (pertussis).
Types of dry cough:
Drycough is divided into three types:
- First: It is associated with a viral infection in the nose or throat, and the patient usually feels in this case that something is stuck in his throat.
- Barking cough: associated with inflammation or swelling of the throat. In this case, when coughing, the patient feels pain in the throat and difficulty breathing.
- Whooping cough: associated with the presence of bacteria. In this case, the patient coughs continuously and this is followed by inspiration.
The doctor should be consulted immediately in the following cases:
- If the person with a dry cough is less than 5 years old.
- If the dry cough contains mucus or blood.
- If a dry cough is accompanied by shortness of breath.
- If the frequency of dry cough increases especially at night.
- If the cough is accompanied by a persistent headache, rash, or ear infections.
- In the event of a significant weight loss with muscle pain.