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Vision correction operations

Vision correction operations

If you want to undergo a correction, the last information you need to know about this medical procedure:

Types of vision correction operations:

1- Refractive cornea (PRK)

In this type of vision correction, special laser beams are used to correct the shape of the cornea, and this process uses

the first types of laser vision correction operations that began since the emergence of the types that we will enumerate next.

It is worth noting here that this process:

This is a long time until the correction is completely displayed.

Their cost is not much different from other types.

May cause a year in the eye during the operation.


2- LASIK traditional (LASIK).

In the lasik traditional type , laser beams are usually placed directly on the eyeball

after making an incision in the cornea and removing the outer tissue

and folding it to expose the underlying tissues and highlight them.

LASIK surgery is suitable for people who want to correct problems of long-sightedness or short-sightedness or the problem of astigmatism in general.

3- SMILE technology

In this modern technique of vision correction, laser beams are used to do the correction

without the need to make any incisions in the eye tissues,

which reduces the chances of any unpleasant symptoms appearing after the operation.

Smile technology is suitable for people who suffer from nearsightedness, is also excellent and is an ideal choice for those who suffer from persistent dry eyes.

It is worth noting here that the recovery period from the process of correcting vision of this type may take longer than that needed by LASIK, for example.


Are you eligible for vision correction?

Before undergoing a patient’s vision correction process appropriate to his condition, his condition is first evaluated,

as it is required that certain criteria be applied to patient’s first.


These are the most important criteria that must be applied to a candidate for laser vision correction:

  • The patient must be over 18 years old.
  • That the patient’s vision impairment is relatively stable in the last year prior to the operation.
  • That the person does not have an eye disease, such as: cataract, glaucoma.
  • The candidate should not have any of the following diseases: lupus, diabetic retinopathy, rheumatoid arthritis.
  • The candidate should not be pregnant or breastfeeding.
Vision correction operations

Optical lenses

Optical lenses

Optical lenses

The eye is one of the most important organs in the human body, and one of the most sensitive; Therefore, care must be taken about what is placed in it of lenses or others, so that they are medically safe and approved by the Food and Drug Authority. Lenses that are not attached properly may scratch the eye, or cause blood vessels to grow in the cornea.

Reasons for use:

Most contact lenses are used; To correct vision problems such as: nearsightedness and longitude, astigmatism problems, and vision problems related to aging. may also be used for cosmetic purposes.

Types of Optical lenses :

Soft Lenses.

Hard Lenses.

Lens Age:

Optical lenses age depends on their type, and especially how much oxygen penetrates the cornea.

Dealing with contact lenses:

Wash hands with soap and water, then rinse and dry them with a lint-free towel.

Take care to sterilize the lenses after removing them, and store them in a special solution to maintain moisture.

Remove your lenses before swimming or soaking in a hot tub.

Keep contact lenses clean, and avoid wetting them with mouth saliva.

Avoid using saline to disinfect lenses.

Wear and replace contact lenses according to his schedule.

Follow directions for cleaning and storing contact lenses.

Don’t sharing your lenses with anyone else.

Avoid using eye drops while wearing lenses unless recommended by an ophthalmologist.

Avoid reusing the previous solution, and changing it every time.

Some experts recommend using lenses that are usable once a day.


Procedures to follow:

Consult an ophthalmologist when experiencing symptoms such as: redness, pain, sensitivity to light, blurry vision, or swelling.

stop smoking; Studies show that contact lens wearers who smoke have more problems than non-smokers.

Avoid using cosmetic lenses sold in beauty shops.

Annual eye exams when wearing contact lenses.

Keep nails trimmed; To avoid scratching or hurting the eyes.

Optical lenses and eyeglasses:

 Contact lenses should not used when:
  • Frequent eye infections.
  • Severe allergies.
  • Treatment-resistant dry eyes.
  • Dusty work environment.
  • Inability to handle and care for the lenses.

Steps to install and remove contact lenses from the eye:


Wash hands with soap and water well, then dry them.

Remove lens from package using fingertips.

Place the lens on the tip of a finger and making sure it is not upside down.

Lift the upper eyelid using one finger then grasp the lower eyelid with the other fingers.

Put the lens on the index finger after that put it in the eye.

Eye surgery

Eye surgery

Eye surgery

In recent years, laser surgery or laser eye surgery has become a more common method of correcting vision.

Learn the details of this process:Laser surgery usually involves reshaping the cornea (the clear layer at the front of the eye).

This is done by using a laser known as an excimer laser.

Several mechanisms are used to correct myopia (myopia disease), farsightedness (farsightedness disease) and astigmatism.

Laser refractive surgery is generally unnecessary.

Typically, you should be 21 age or older, and the prescription must not vary over at least two years.

Types of laser Eye surgery

Your ophthalmologist can discuss with you the various methods of correcting your vision, the advantages and

disadvantages of glasses and lenses, and laser refractive surgery.

Here is a summary of some of the most common types of laser surgery:

LASIK (laser keratoplasty).

Eye surgery has been performed since the mid-1990s and is the most common procedure in the UK. Both myopia and farsightedness can be corrected with LASIK surgeries,

but they may not be suitable for correcting severe cases. Surgeons make an incision through the cornea and then raise a flap of tissue.

The visible part is then reshaped with an excimer laser, and the flap is repositioned.

Optical keratectomy refraction

Photorefractive keratectomy has been performed since the late 1980s, but since the advent of laser core surgeries and laser epithelial keratectomy

photo-refractive keratectomy has been mainly used to correct low-grade medical conditions and the cornea is reshaped with an excimer laser without cutting a flap of tissue.

Laser epithelial keratoplasty:

It is similar to the resection of the cornea with refractive vision, but with the preservation of the surface layer of the cornea as a flap.

It is believed that the preservation of the epithelial layer prevents complications and speeds up recovery.

excessive sweating

Excessive sweating


Excessive sweating

Excessive sweating in the body causes a state of embarrassment, but this is not the main problem that the person with hyperhidrosis faces, but rather this may portend some health problems that this sweat results from.

Therefore, it is necessary to visit the doctor and undergo examinations in the event of excessive sweating than normal.

Signs of hyperhidrosis

There are some signs that you may have hyperhidrosis and that you have a problem causing this extra sweating, and they are:

Difficulty keeping clothes dry: the presence of permanent wetness in clothes, especially in the underarm area.

The lack of benefit from deodorant:

Even with the use of the most effective types, it is difficult to eliminate bad perspiration.

Sweating after a shower:

The lack of a relationship between hygiene and sweating, as people who suffer from hyperhidrosis discover the presence of sweat in the body even immediately after bathing.

Sweating in cold climates:

As sweating accompanies the body in cold climates as well, and is not associated with day or evening, summer or winter.

Persistent sweating in the extremities:

that is, in the palm of the hand and the foot, and is not limited to areas known to sweat, such as the armpits and face.

Diseases associated with hyperhidrosis

Here are the main diseases indicated by hyperhidrosis:

 Low blood sugar: If the sugar level is lower than its normal range, the body will secrete a large percentage of sweat, which appears more in the areas of the face and the back of the neck. Therefore, people with hypoglycemia have more chances of developing perspiration than others.

 Hyperthyroidism: problem with the thyroid gland, as the change in the level of thyroid hormones impedes the ability to regulate the body temperature, so sweating a lot indicates hyperthyroidism, and excessive coldness indicates hypothyroidism.

 A problem with hormones:

In the case of a disorder in the adrenal gland, it can lead to an imbalance

of hormones in the body, which leads to the secretion of sweat, and that is why women

in menopause and menopause are more prone to sweating as a result of changing levels of female hormones.

Lymph gland disorder: Hyperhidrosis may indicate a defect in the lymph gland, and thus the body is cooling itself further,

resulting in perspiration.

High level of salts in the body:

When the proportion of salts in the body is more than it can handle,

this harms the functions of the body, the sweat gland activates to get rid of these extra salts

from the body, and hyperhidrosis occurs.

Heart disease: When you have a heart problem, the body can sweat more, as the heart needs

to use more energy to pump blood in the event of heart rhythm disturbances, and then the sweat appears excessively.

Autonomic neuropathy:
It is a neurological disorder that affects the body’s functions, such as heart rate, blood pressure,

and digestion, and leads to sweating disorders, whether increased or decreased, and thus affects the regulation of body temperature.

Hearing health

Hearing health


Hearing loss is usually known as the inability to hear and understand speech, and audiologists distinguish between hearing loss and its general weakness.

It is characterized by a malfunction in one or both ears and is more common in the elderly.

The causes of hearing loss vary from congenital to acquired.

A hearing loss may be difficult to know, and this may be noticed by others.

Taking precautions when going to places of noise, and avoiding them is one of the most important prevention methods.

an introduction:

Hearing loss occurs at any time during life, from birth through adulthood. The elderly are the most vulnerable group, and hearing loss can be mild, moderate, severe or profound, and deafness indicates a deep hearing loss.

Hearing health


Conductive hearing loss: It occurs when sound is blocked by the outer or middle ear, and medicine or surgery can fix this type of hearing loss.

Sensorineural hearing loss: It occurs due to damage to the outer ear, and often medicine or surgery cannot repair this type of hearing loss.

Mixed hearing loss: It is caused by problems in the inner, middle, and outer ear, and is a combination of conductive hearing loss and sensorineural hearing loss.

Ear sections

Hearing health

There are three important parts to the ear:

The outer ear – It picks up sound waves and directs them to the middle ear.

Middle ear – It converts sound waves in the air into mechanical pressure waves and then directs them to the fluids of the inner ear.

The inner ear (cochlea) – converts pressure waves into sound signals that the brain can understand.

Sounds enter the ear canal.

Sound waves travel through the ear canal and hit the eardrum.

The eardrum and hearing bones vibrate

These sound waves vibrate the eardrum and the three ossicles in the middle ear.

The fluid travels through the inner ear

These vibrations travel through the fluid in the spiral-shaped inner ear – known as the cochlea – and move the tiny auditory capillaries in the cochlea. These auditory hairs detect movement and transfer it to the auditory nerve in the form of chemical signals.

Hearing nerves end in the brain

Then the auditory nerve sends the information to the brain via electrical impulses, where it is translated into sounds.

heart disease

heart disease

heart disease

Heart disease is the biggest cause of death in England.

2.7 million people in the UK suffer from this disease.

  • Those of South Asian descent are among the group most likely to have this disease.

There are approximately 2.7 million people in the UK with coronary  disease.

It is the largest killer in the United Kingdom, causing about 82,000 deaths annually.

About one in five men and one in eight women die as a result of this disease.

It is reported that the risk of coronary heart disease for people of South Asian origin is 50% higher than the national average.

But things may be different. Most premature deaths from cardiovascular disease, including coronary heart disease, are preventable in those under the age of 75.

What is coronary this disease?

Coronary this disease occurs when the blood supply to the heart muscle is reduced due to severe narrowing of the heart arteries or, worse yet, when these arteries become blocked.

This happens gradually as a result of the build-up of fatty deposits, which resemble porridge, inside the arteries, which interferes with the normal flow of blood to the heart.

However, there are plenty of things you can do to keep your heart healthy, regardless of your age, gender, or ethnic origin.

If you are in the group at high risk of developing coronary heart disease because of a family history of coronary artery disease or having an ethnic background, you can still reduce your chance.

Dennis Armstrong, from Heart Research UK, says that “by eating well, quitting smoking and being physically active, you can greatly reduce your risk of developing it.”

Advice for heart patients

Eat healthy foods

Your diet can make a big difference to your heart health. About a third of the food you eat should be fruits and vegetables. Another third should be starchy foods, including bread, cereals, pasta, rice and potatoes.

immune system

immune system

immune system

The role of theimmune system is to protect against disease or its causes, which can be harmful. When the immune system is functioning properly, it identifies a variety of threats, including viruses, bacteria, and parasites, and distinguishes them from the healthy tissues of the body.

The main components of theimmune system include:

Lymph nodes: They produce and store cells that fight infection and disease and are also part of the lymphatic system.

The spleen: The largest lymph system in the body, which is on the left side,

under its ribs and above your stomach, contains white blood cells that fight infection or disease.

The spleen also helps control the amount of blood in the body and gets rid of old or damaged blood cells.

Bone marrow:

Yellow tissue in the center of the bone produces white blood cells.

This spongy tissue inside some bones, such as the femur and thigh bone, contains immature cells, called stem cells.

Lymphocytes: Small white blood cells play a large role in defending the body against disease.

Thymus: The thymus gland is somewhat large in infants, and grows into adulthood, then begins to slowly shrink and be replaced by fat with age.

Leukocytes: These disease-fighting white blood cells identify and eliminate pathogens and are the second arm of the innate immune system. An elevated white blood cell count is referred to as leukocytosis.

Immunodeficiency causes an increase in the chances of infection with various diseases, and therefore attention must be paid to strengthening the immune system, and weak immunity can be discovered through some of the symptoms that appear in the body.

The immune system is the first line of defense against foreign bodies such as germs and bacteria that can cause diseases, and therefore attention must be paid to maintaining the health of the immune system to resist diseases.

Filler injection eye

Filler injection eye

Filler injection eye

is one of the cosmetic methods or methods to treat the signs of aging without surgical intervention,

as this technique restores the skin, youth, freshness, and natural fullness.

So, learn with us about everything related to injection of fillers under the eyes in terms of benefits and harms.

What is Filler injection?

It is a cosmetic method that rejuvenates the skin by injecting a filler under the skin with very thin needles,

without any surgical intervention or exposing the skin to the scalpel of plastic surgeons.

As for the types of injections of fillers under the eyes,

they are divided into two types:

1- The permanent type

This type lasts for long periods and far between, but its effects are not guaranteed as it may

lead to bigger problems in the future.

2- The temporary type

Its effect lasts from six months to two years and is the safest and best because of its rapid demise in case of dissatisfaction with the required result and the skin returns to its natural form again and without any complications

How to make a filler injection under the eye

The most important steps to follow when injecting the filler under the eye

Filler injection consists of a group of natural ingredients, such as collagen, silicone, and hyaluronic.

This syringe contains safe substances that do not harm the skin.

The injection takes one to ten minutes to complete and is completely painless.

Filler is injected under the eye in cases of cavities and fine lines in that region, by injection just under the socket bone.

It is worth noting that the filler takes a little time for its components to start working and its results appear after a few days, as the appearance of the ideal result is due to the nature of the person’s own body and the extent of his ability to respond to the filler.

slim figure

slim figure

slim figure

There is no doubt that the harmonious body and the slim figure are the primary concern of everyone looking for beauty,

and there is no doubt that the spread of interest in public health, and the increased desire to appear

healthy without flaws. Topical obesity is one of the most difficult obesity problems a person may encounter.

Also, cases of general obesity that succeed in getting rid of a great excess weight leave after them the problems

of sagging that require tightening the body.

As for the practice of exercises for body contouring,

the results require very long periods of time to begin to appear.

Therefore, body sculpting operations have spread in recent times in order to reach the desired slim figure.

Body sculpting operations are the processes of shaping specific areas in the body and may reach in some cases

to slim the whole body in the way that an obese patient desires,

and body sculpting differs from traditional methods of liposuction in that it highlights the aesthetic

features of the body, and reaches some areas of the body to the desired shape completely.

And not just coordinating body weight.

Body sculpting processes differ from liposuction processes.

Liposuction processes depend on different techniques in which an opening is made to the skin

and the insertion of a tube for liposuction, if it is safe, but the possibility of bleeding,

bruising, or scars is still in place, in addition to that of traditional liposuction It does not leave skin tight,

but it often remains flabby and needs to be tightened

Body sculpting process and techniques

 What is meant by body sculpting is to reach the ideal shape of the body and not lose weight as some believe, so body sculpting is the removal of layers of fat accumulated in the body that hide behind the aesthetic features of the body, such as the muscles of the abdomen and chest in men and the waist in women. And body sculpting operations depend on several techniques, including:

– cooling

– The laser


– Sound waves

– Infrared

dental floss regularly

dental floss regularly

dental floss regularly

On most visits to the dentist we hear from him the usual question:

“Do you use dental floss regularly?” Many patients respond with the answer “no”,

which causes the dentist to express angry expressions and give a lecture about the importance of

using floss at least once a day in addition to brushing teeth and using mouthwashes.

Many people are unaware of the importance of using dental floss.

Unlike toothbrushes that mainly clean the outer surfaces of the teeth and gums,

the dental floss cleans the teeth in places that the toothbrush cannot reach,

such as the area where the teeth and gums meet and the spaces between the teeth.

Regular use of dental floss can help to have a beautiful and healthy smile,

prevent oral diseases, dental pain, and more.

If they carefully read the five main reasons for using the thread and the next time you come to the doctor for examination, you can tell him “yes” and smile.

more effective

Flossing, before brushing the teeth is more effective than brushing the teeth alone.

Many people think that if they brush their teeth once a day, they do everything in their power to keep the mouth healthy, but in reality brushing without flossing is not the best cleaning and teeth must be cleaned with dental floss at least once a day.

Protects the gums

The place where the teeth and the gums meet is a fertile area for bacteria in the mouth. Leftovers can get stuck in the area where the teeth meet the gums and build up the plaque layer, which can lead to gum infections that may become chronic and ultimately cause the loss of teeth.

Dental floss can enter the space between the teeth and gums, and remove food debris and plaque that the toothbrush cannot remove.

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