Migraine The word source from the Greek language from the word (Hemicrania) means, literal translation: half of the skull. The name derives from one of the characteristics of migraines, as migraines usually affect half of the head. It is a chronic disease that manifests itself in frequent headaches, accompanied by physical and psychological phenomena, too. It is a common disease in about 12% of people.
A headache attack
In the first stage of a seizure, about a third of the sufferers will have symptoms that last from hours to days before the seizure occurs. These symptoms include: mood changes, fatigue, difficulty concentrating, hunger or stiff neck.
Seizures occur in patients who suffer from migraines at a rate of about once a month, but some patients suffer from several seizures per week, and there are seizures that last more than 3 days without interruption (status migrainosus).
Types of migraines
Migraine attacks can be classified into two types:
Migraine without aura, which is the most common type, up to 66% of migraine attacks are with Aura (formerly called: classic sister). The International Headache Society has defined the definition of migraines according to the following indicators:
The patient has had five distinct typical bouts of his life.
Migraines last from 4 hours to 72 hours.
Pain characteristics include at least two features: (a) the pain is concentrated on only one side (unilateral); (B) Pain appears as a pulse; (C) The pain is moderate to severe; (D) Pain is exacerbated by physical exertion.
During a seizure, the patient suffers from at least one of the following two symptoms: (a) nausea, vomiting or both; (B) sensitivity to light or noise.
The seizures are not due to another problem.
Aura migraine is a migraine with at least two episodes accompanied by a distinctive aura due to the following disorders:
Numbness (lack of sensation) or a speech disorder, they soon disappear completely
A disorder in one side, or on both sides of the field of vision, that appears as flashes, luster, lines, spots or lack of vision, accompanied by sensory disturbances on one side of the body, or without it
At least one of the following phenomena: One (or more) symptoms appear and continue for 5 minutes. The show lasts for more than 5 minutes but less than 60 minutes.
A typical migraine develops during the aura or within 60 minutes of its appearance.