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Ulcerative colitis

Ulcerative colitis

Ulcerative colitis

Short Description: A chronic disease affecting any age, but it is most common between the ages of 15 and 30. Ulcerative colitis affects the deepest lining of the large intestine (colon) and the rectum. Symptoms usually appear gradually over time and not surprisingly. Symptoms can be treated with medications that control In inflammation. Treatment may also be surgical. There is no way yet to prevent the disease, but there are guidelines that can be taken to reduce symptoms. It is a chronic disease that affects the inner lining of the large intestine (colon and rectum); causing infections or swelling and ulcers called ulcers on the inner lining of the large intestine, and it can occur at any age; but most common between the ages of 15 and 30 years. Types: often classified according to the place, including ulcerative proctitis: inflammation is limited to the area closest to the anus, where bleeding is a sign of this type. Sigmoidal rectal: includes the lower end of the colon. Inflammation of the left side of the colon: Inflammation extends from the rectum to the sigmoid colon and the descending colon. Total colitis of the colon: inflammation often affects the entire colon, causing bouts of bloody diarrheal that may be severe. Severe acute ulcerative colitis (rare): This type affects the entire colon and causes acute pain Severe diarrhea A bleeding, with no ability to eat. Its cause: The exact cause of the disease is unknown, previously diet and stress were suspected, but these factors may worsen the disease and not cause it. There are also several factors that are likely to play a role in its development, such as: heredity: as inherited genes may increase the risk of infection, intestinal immune system hyperactivity: an abnormal immune reaction in the intestine. Treatment: Treatment depends on the severity of the disease and symptoms, in addition to the patient’s health condition and the appropriate treatment for him. The treatment is either medicinal or surgical, as the medication is: anti-inflammatory drugs corticosteroids. Immune system inhibitors. As for surgery, it is often by removing the colon and the rectum completely, with surgery to expel the waste naturally. Also, in some cases, a permanent opening may be made in the abdomen through which stool is passed to collect it in an attachment bag.

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