Antibiotics

Urinary tract

Urinary tract
As we all know, the urinary system is divided into two parts: upper and lower, from the kidneys to the ureter known as the upper urinary section, and from the bladder to the urethra known as the lower urinary tract.

Urinary tract infections:
It is a common bacterial infection that affects the lower urinary tract, may affect the entire urinary system to reach the kidneys, and can affect all age groups, but women are more likely than men to shorten the urethra, and half of women may develop urinary infections at least once during their lifetime.

Types of urinary tract infections:
• Inflammation of the urethra.
• High inflammation to the bladder.
• High inflammation to the kidneys.

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Infection often occurs because bacteria move from the urination hole into the urethra.

Symptoms:
• Urinary tract infections are often not accompanied by symptoms, but if they occur they will include:
• The sudden and strong need to urinate.
• Two heartburn with a pee.
• Frequent urination but in small quantities.
• The color of urine is disturbed or there is blood in it and smells strong.
• Pelvic pain (in women).

When to see your doctor:
Symptoms are similar to cystitis and above (upper part).
If the symptoms are severe and worsen.
Inflammation is frequent.

Diagnostic:
Diagnosis is made by taking a medical history and clinical examination, and the diagnosis may require medical procedures to confirm the presence of inflammation and to exclude other diseases, such as urinalysis and urine farm to determine the type of bacteria.
The diagnosis may also require x-rays to make sure the urinary system is safe and that it is free of gravel.
Examine the bladder using an endoscope to make sure it is safe.

Urinary tract Risk factors:
Obstructing the urethra is like having kidney stones.
Difficulty emptying urine completely.
Contraceptive devices in women.
Urinary catheter.
Male protonation: Complete urine emptying is prevented and affects the direction of urine exit.

The most vulnerable groups:
• Pregnant.
• People with diabetes.
• People with weakened immune systems.
• Children especially born with congenital problems in the urethra.
• Kidney transplant patients.

Treatment:
Urinary tract infections are treated with antibiotics at the decision of your physician as well as pain killers.

How can urinary tract infection be prevented?

• Drink too much fluid.
• Keep the area clean and sterilized and stay away from aromatic sterilizers.
• Go to the bathroom directly when you feel like urinating.
• For women, stay away from contraceptive devices and replace them with chemical methods such as medications.
• The cleaning process should be from the front to the back after urination or defecation.

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