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disabilities

disabilities

disabilities
What is a disability: It is a term that expresses a person’s inability to perform a certain activity as a result of a problem in his body, accompanied him from birth, or has suffered some exposure to an accident, and prevents him from performing a job, or a group of basic functions, and therefore he cannot maintain a normal social life, which is He needs others to help him do some things, and the degree of difficulty that a disabled person finds in his life varies depending on the society in which he lives. Types of disability: People with disabilities suffer from one or more types of disabilities, and the disability is divided by relying on the disabled member, and its effect on the person’s activities, namely: motor disability: this type of disability is represented by the total or partial disability of the movement, and includes paralysis of all kinds, amputation Limbs and nerve problems, as the issues that are released from the brain do not reach the muscles that mainly move the joints and bones, in addition to muscular dystrophy, dislocation, such as hip dislocation, and rheumatism. Like a stick, or a chair, or i Industrial shelf. Mental handicap: There are several definitions of mental handicap, so some of them define it as retracting intelligence, bearing in mind that intelligence is not limited to the ability to solve mathematical problems, for example, but it includes the ability to analyse, and behave properly depending on the surrounding events, and the reasons that cause this decline differ. Genetic, including environmental, varies in severity, and is divided into three levels. Sensory disability: It is a disability that affects the senses, in addition to pronunciation, and it has several types: hearing disability: it is the inability of a person to hear sounds as required, and thus needs a handset, or other devices. Visual impairment: When the eye loses its ability to complete its job, the person suffers from partial or total visual impairment, such as a retinal imbalance, eye muscles, or cataracts, in addition to corneal disorders, and it is important to note that some children occur with them Vision problems from a young age. Zonal disability: which is the inability to speak partially or completely, forcing the injured to use sign language to express himself and communicate with others. The role of society in supporting the disabled: The care of the disabled falls on the state with its government, its institutions, and its healthy individuals, so the means that contribute In helping the handicapped to live a normal life, such as the presence of corridors for people with motor disabilities, providing vehicles with a place suitable for them, to facilitate their movement, and the presence of specific signs for people with visual impairments that they can follow in the path, in addition to supporting the family and the school for people with disabilities.

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